None of these was a full-scale war between civilizations, but each involved some elements of civilization rallying, which seemed to become more important as the conflict continued and which may provide a foretaste of the future.
The people of different civilizations have different views on the relations between God and man, the individual and the group, the citizen and the state, parents and children, husband and wife, as well as differing views of the relative importance of rights and responsibilities, liberty and authority, equality and hierarchy.
In addition, while the elite of Turkey has defined Turkey as a Western society, the elite of the West refuses to accept Turkey and such. Thus the leading actors in Western civilization rallied behind its coreligionists. The peoples to the north and west of this line are Protestant or Catholic; they shared the common experiences of European history -- feudalism, the Renaissance, the Reformation, the Enlightenment, the French Revolution, the Industrial Revolution; they are generally economically better off than the peoples to the east; and they may now look forward to increasing involvement in a common European economy and to the consolidation of democratic political systems.
Yet both the Russian elite and the Russian public are divided on this issue.
At the same time, however, and perhaps as a result, a return to the roots phenomenon is occurring among non-Western civilizations. If civilization is what counts, however, the likelihood of violence between Ukrainians and Russians should be low.
They will not soon disappear. In the coming years, the local conflicts most likely to escalate into major wars will be those, as in Bosnia and the Caucasus, along the fault lines between civilizations. Western domination of the U. Just as Turkey abandoned its historic opposition to Europe and attempted to join Europe, Mexico has stopped defining itself by its opposition to the United States and is instead attempting to imitate the United States and to join it in the North American Free Trade Area.
The debate on this issue is the tip of a very large iceberg. Much of Russian history concerns the struggle between Slavs and the Turkish peoples on their borders, which dates back to the foundation of the Russian state more than a thousand years ago.
Non-Western civilizations have attempted to become modern without becoming Western. With the end of the Soviet Union, however, political considerations gave way to religious ones. Differences in culture, that is basic values and beliefs, are a second source of conflict. Our newspapers are full of the photos of atrocities and are asking us if we are still serious about pursuing our neutral policy.
Civilizations may involve a large number of people, as with China "a civilization pretending to be a state," as Lucian Pye put itor a very small number of people, such as the Anglophone Caribbean.
The most prominent form of this cooperation is the Confucian-Islamic connection that has emerged to challenge Western interests, values and power.
As the post-Cold War world evolves, civilization commonality, what H. The Next Economic Superpower?Security vs. Civil Liberties. citing concerns over the privacy rights of all Americans.
Western Europe and the United States have been struck repeatedly, but they remain the destinations. Global political and security issues are effectively settled by a directorate of the United States, Britain and France, world economic issues by a directorate of the United States, Germany and Japan, all of which maintain extraordinarily close relations with each other to the exclusion of lesser and largely non-Western countries.
Although this discussion is especially concerned with the security of nation-states, most of the analysis is applicable, mutatis mutandis, to any level: individual, family, society, state, international system, or. Free terrorism papers, essays, and research papers.
Terrorism and the Effects on Security Policies - “No state responds to a terrorist campaign without changing its institutions and hence society itself, even if only slightly,” Stephen Sobieck states in his chapter on Democratic Responses to International Terrorism in Germany.
Hence, Western states such as the US address security concerns through a realistic perspective since this theory encourages the use of force as a prevalent factor in the procurement of power and hegemony.
It talks about two concerns, that of the people’s interest (well being) and that of the regime (sovereignty). PILLARS OF NATIONAL SECURITY. National Security rests on several pillars: social cohesion and solidarity, economic prosperity and stability, political unity and stability.Download