Shifts away from traditional pre-work or lunchtime drinking in these cultures could be a cause for concern, as these changes can indicate a trend towards drinking patterns and attitudes associated with higher levels of alcohol-related problems.
All societies, without exception, make use of intoxicating substances, alcohol being by far the most common.
This has led to an unbalanced perspective. The beliefs and expectancies of a given culture can change. We suggest that the prevalence of such restrictions may be due to non-cultural factors such as differences in male and female physiology resulting in more pronounced effects of alcohol on females.
In this section, we therefore provide a brief, bullet-point summary of the key findings and significant generalisations that can be drawn from our survey of the literature on social and cultural aspects of alcohol. The primary function of drinking-places is the facilitation of social bonding.
This broader perspective in part reflects the limited relevant research material available on European drinking-cultures, but is also a deliberate attempt to avoid the parochialism which often characterises research on alcohol.
The literature to date offers no satisfactory explanation for the near-universality of restrictions on female drinking, as all researchers have attempted to explain this in purely cultural terms.
This has nothing to do with any intrinsic properties of the beverages themselves - beer, for example, may be associated with disorderly behaviour in some cultures or sub-cultures and with benign sociability in others. Some societies appear less susceptible to the cultural influence of alien beverages than others.
In societies in which alcohol is a morally neutral element of normal life such as Italy, Spain and Francealcohol is strongly associated with celebration, but celebration is not invoked as a justification for every drinking occasion. Drinking-places Drinking is, in all cultures, essentially a social activity, and most societies have specific, designated environments for communal drinking.
Rules and regulation In all cultures, drinking is a rule-governed activity, hedged about with self-imposed norms and regulations concerning who may drink how much of what, when, how, in what contexts, with what effects, etc.
This may in part reflect the generally higher social status of those adopting wine-drinking. Transitional rituals In all societies, alcohol plays a central role in transitional rituals - both major life-cycle events and minor, everyday transitions. Although written for a mainly European audience, this SIRC report is based on a global literature-review and draws on evidence and examples from a wide range of drinking-cultures around the world.
From the earliest recorded use of alcohol, drinking has been a social activity, and both consumption and behaviour have been subject to self-imposed social controls. Most national and cross-cultural studies of drinking in Europe have been of a purely quantitative, epidemiological nature and provide little or no insight into the social contexts and cultural roles of drinking.
Cross-cultural differences in the physical nature of public drinking-places reflect different attitudes towards alcohol. Symbolic functions In all societies, alcoholic beverages are used as powerful and versatile symbolic tools, to construct and manipulate the social world.
As labels defining the nature of social situations or events 2. The prevalence of alcohol-related problems is not directly related to average per capita consumption: In all cultures, the drinking-place is a special environment, a separate social world with its own customs and values 2.
Although by far the most informative source currently available, this is a global survey with only pages on each country. Social control of consumption and behaviour 4. As indicators of social status 3. The findings of both cross-cultural research and controlled experiments indicate that the effects of alcohol on behaviour are primarily determined by social and cultural factors, rather than the chemical actions of ethanol.
Although some cultures experience more alcohol-related problems than others, moderate, unproblematic drinking is the norm in most cultures, while both excessive drinking and abstention are abnormal behaviours. There is convincing evidence that the development of agriculture - regarded as the foundation of civilisation - was based on the cultivation of grain for beer, as much as for bread.The social issue I picked to write on is drunk driving, which in todays society has become a huge issue.
Back when I started driving, drunk driving was not looked upon the same as it does today. People who were involved in an alcohol related crash or accident were usually.
What is it about teenagers that make the rest of society se A stereotypical teenager would most likely be thought of being connected to alcohol, tobacco, and drugs in some way, shape, or form. NHTSA strongly supports the expansion of ignition interlocks as a proven technology that keeps drunk drivers from getting behind the wheel.
The Issue Responsible behavior.
Moved Permanently. The document has moved here. OUTLINE: Effects if Alcohol on Drivers Performs The use of alcohol has been a major problem in our society A serious problem of alcohol is that of drunk drivers Facts About Alcohol Alcohol is a common name for chemical substances ethanol, grain alcohol or ethyl alcohol Not digested but absorbed into the bloodstream Alcohol is a major factor in.
Drunk driving is a very serious problem in our society today, Most of the drunk drivers v ictims are the drivers themselves, their often passengers, and the drunken pedestrains and cyclists. Despite this drunk driving is still very dangerous.
It is the leading cause of unintentional injury deaths in America today.Download