The activities thought most to display virtue and glory, such as athletics, warfare, and politics, were exclusively the realm of men, so two men could share in this virtue and glory in a way that a man and a woman could not.
Rather, the true essence of love was an ascension towards the inner being of the individual and that when love is honorable. Pausanias speech begins c: It also considers that Socratic philosophy may have lost touch with the actual individual as it devoted itself to abstract principles.
For instance, in his analysis the doctrine of eros may be destructive to human beings who may have a desire to comprehensively understand love and to those who seek to love and be loved.
For, observe that open loves are held to be more honourable than secret ones, and that the love of the noblest and highest, even if their persons are less beautiful than others, is especially honourable.
The reader, understanding that Plato was not governed by the historical record, can read the Symposium, and ask why the author, Plato, arranged the story the way he did, and what he meant by including the various aspects of setting, composition, characters, and theme, etc. Apollodorus later checked parts of the story with Socrates, who was also there.
With dialogue, Socrates is renowned for his dialectic, which is his ability to ask questions that encourage others to think deeply about what they care about, and articulate their ideas.
They are not intended for publication or general distribution. It is used to refer to the nature of eros or, in other terms, love. Next is Aristophanes, the comic playwright. The original Greek text contains a number of untranslatable puns that enhance our understanding of the relationship between love, desire, and philosophy.
It is an ultimate human concern from time immemorial. Also, Apollodorus was able to confirm parts of the story with Socrates himself, who was one of the speakers at the banquet.
Phaedrus[ edit ] Phaedrus opens by citing HesiodAcusilaus and Parmenides for the claim that Eros is the oldest of the gods. I must try to distinguish the characters of the two Loves.
The writings attributed to Dionysius the Areopagite are among the most enigmatic works of late antiquity. He argues that each one of us is just a half that is relentlessly searching for completion.
As spherical creatures who wheeled around like clowns doing cartwheels athese original people were very powerful. Socrates, he concludes, is unique in his ideas and accomplishments, unrivaled by any man from the past or present c.
He indeed with instruments used to charm the souls of men by the powers of his breath…have a power which no others have; they alone possess the soul and reveal the wants of those who have need of gods and mysteries, because they are divine.
Perhaps more importantly, the emphasis on mystical contemplation as a means to directly encounter God or the One, found in the writings of Plotinus and Porphyrydeeply affected Augustine.
Socrates, probably the oldest member of the party, seems certain to be ruled out.
According to the description in the symposium, love passes a number of successful stages for an ideal lover. The base lover is in search of sexual gratification, and his objects are women and boys. Love will make men dare to die for their beloved -- love alone; and women as well as men.
Yet Socrates made no move, and Alcibiades began to pursue Socrates "as if I were the lover and he my young prey! It enables us to associate, and be friends, with each other and with the gods" d Transl.
Late antiquity[ edit ] Certain central tenets of Neoplatonism served as a philosophical interim for the Christian theologian Augustine of Hippo on his journey from dualistic Manichaeism to Christianity. Each part tries to govern the human beings in its own direction, but of love, from different objects.
There is no reason to think they were not composed entirely by Plato. Love itself is not wise or beautiful, but is the desire for those things. Love has attributes from both parents, he is beggarly, harsh and a master of artifice and deception d and is delicately balanced and resourceful c.
He would be ready to die a thousand deaths rather than endure this.In the Symposium, Plato presents the love of wisdom as the highest form of love and philosophy as a refinement of our sexual urges that leads us to desire wisdom over sex.
That is, we do not seek wisdom by first suppressing sexual desire and other distractions but rather by refining that desire and training it on a higher purpose.
The term symposium simply means a Platonic dialogue.
It is used to refer to the nature of eros or, in other terms, love. This Platonic dialogue has a great assumption that the Greeks morals on sexuality is critical scrutinized by Socrates. The Oonoept ot Love by Plato in The Symposium oompared with The Conoept or Love by John in The Holy Sor1ptures.
'I I I by:r. Warren·slote A thesis submitted in partial ~ultillment of the requirements tor the degree or Kaster ot Arts. The Platonic Concept of Love: The Symposium by Dr. David Naugle Pondus meum amor meus; eo feror quocumque feror.
St. Augustine, Confessions, 9. Because of the centrality and power of love in human experience, men and women throughout the ages have felt the compulsion to sing songs, to write. On the Symposium. Sample paper on by Cheng –Ju Danny Lu: Cheng –Ju Danny Lu. Summarize Phaedrus’s, Pausanias’, Eryximachus, Aristophanes’, and Agathon’s view on the nature of love in Plato’s ultimedescente.com clear and complete as to the essentials of each view.
A Comparison of Apology by Plato and Confessions by St. Augustine PAGES 8. WORDS 1, View Full Essay. More essays like this: Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Exactly what I needed.
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